El Directorio Hispano USA

Inglés

1.  
What is the supreme law of the land?
 
• The Constitution
2.  
What does the Constitution do?
 
• sets up the government
• defines the government
• protects basic rights of Americans
3.  
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
 
• We the People
4.  
What is an amendment?
 
• a change (to the Constitution)
• an addition (to the Constitution)
5.  
What do we call the first ten amendments
to the Constitution?
 
• the Bill of Rights
6.  
What is one right or freedom from the
First Amendment?*
 
• speech • religion • assembly • press
• petition the government
7.  
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
 
• twenty-seven (27)
8.  
What did the Declaration of
Independence do?
 
• announced our independence
(from Great Britain)
• declared our independence (from
Great Britain)
• said that the United States is free (from
Great Britain)
9.  
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
 
• life • liberty • pursuit of happiness
10.  
What is freedom of religion?
 
• You can practice any religion, or not practice
a religion.
11.  
What is the economic system in the United States?*
 
• capitalist economy • market economy
12.  
What is the "rule of law"?
 
• Everyone must follow the law.
• Leaders must obey the law.
• Government must obey the law
• No one is above the law.
13.  
Name one branch or part of the
government.*
 
• Congress • legislative • President
• executive • the courts • judicial
14.  
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
 
• checks and balances
• separation of powers
15.  
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
 
• the President
16.  
Who makes federal laws?
 
• Congress
• Senate and House (of Representatives)
• (U.S. or national) legislature
17.  
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*
 
• the Senate and House (of Representatives)
18.  
How many U.S. Senators are there?
 
• one hundred (100)
19.  
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
 
• six (6)
20.  
Who is one of your states U.S. Senators now?*
 
• For a complete list of U.S. Senators and the states they represent, go to http://www.senate.gov/senators/contacts/
21.  
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
 
• four hundred thirty-five (435)
22.  
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
 
• two (2)
23.  
Name your U.S. Representative.
 
• Answer will vary. For a complete list of U.S. representatives and the districts they represent, go to http://www.house.gov/representatives/
24.  
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
 
• all people of the state
25.  
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
 
• (because of) the state's population
• (because) they have more people
• (because) some states have more people
26.  
We elect a President for how many years?
 
• four years (4)
27.  
In what month do we vote for President?*
 
• November
28.  
What is the name of the President of the United States now?*
 
• Barack Obama • Barack Hussein Obama
29.  
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
 
• Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
• Joe Biden
• Biden
30.  
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
 
• the Vice President
31.  
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
 
• the Speaker of the House
32.  
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
 
• the President
33.  
Who signs bills to become laws?
 
• the President
34.  
Who vetoes bills?
 
• the President
35.  
What does the President's Cabinet do?
 
• advises the President
36.  
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
 
• Secretary of Agriculture
• Secretary of Commerce
• Secretary of Defense
• Secretary of Education
• Secretary of Energy
• Secretary of Health and Human Services
• Secretary of Homeland Security
• Secretary of Housing & Urban Development
• Secretary of Interior
• Secretary of State
• Secretary of Transportation
• Secretary of Treasury
• Secretary of Veterans? Affairs
• Secretary of Labor
• Attorney General
• Vice President
37.  
What does the judicial branch do?
 
• reviews laws
• explains laws
• resolves disputes (disagreements)
• decides if a law goes against the Constitution
38.  
What is the highest court in the United States?
 
• the Supreme Court
39.  
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
 
• nine (9)
40.  
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
 
• John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
41.  
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
 
• to print money • to declare war
• to create an army • to make treaties
42.  
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
 
• provide schooling and education
• provide protection (police)
• provide safety (fire departments)
• give a drivers license
• approve zoning and land use
43.  
43. Who is the Governor of your state?
 
• Answer will vary. To learn the name of the governor of your state go to www.usa.gov
44.  
What is the capital of your state?*
 
• Answer will vary. To learn the capital of your state go to www.usa.gov
45.  
What are the two major political parties in the United States?*
 
• Democratic and Republican
46.  
What is the political party of the President now?
 
• Democratic (Party)
47.  
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
 
• John Boehner
48.  
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
 
• Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
• You do not have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
• Any citizen can vote. (Women & men can vote.)
• A male citizen of any race (can vote).
49.  
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*
 
• serve on a jury • vote
50.  
Name one right only for United States citizens?
 
• vote in a federal election
• run for federal office
51.  
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
 
• freedom of expression
• freedom of speech
• freedom of assembly
• freedom to petition the government
• freedom of worship
• the right to bear arms
52.  
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
 
• the United States
• the flag
53.  
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
 
• give up loyalty to other countries
• defend the Constitution and laws of the USA
• obey the laws of the United States
• serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
• serve (do important work for) the nation (if
needed) • be loyal to the United States
54.  
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
 
• eighteen (18) years and older
55.  
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
 
• vote • join a political party
• help with a campaign
• join a civic group
• join a community group
• give an elected official your opinion on an issue
• call Senators and Representatives
• publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
• run for office • write to a newspaper
56.  
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*
 
• April 15
57.  
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
 
• at age eighteen (18)
• between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
58.  
What is one reason colonists came to America?
 
• freedom
• political liberty
• religious freedom
• economic opportunity
• practice their religion
• escape persecution
59.  
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
 
• Native Americans • American Indians
60.  
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
 
• Africans • people from Africa
61.  
Why did the colonists fight the British?
 
• because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
• because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
• because they didn't have self-government
62.  
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
 
• (Thomas) Jefferson
63.  
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
 
• July 4, 1776
64.  
There were 13 original states. Name three.
 
• New Hampshire • Massachusetts
• Rhode Island • Connecticut • New York
• New Jersey • Pennsylvania • Delaware
• Maryland • Virginia • North Carolina
• South Carolina • Georgia
65.  
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
 
• The Constitution was written.
• The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
66.  
When was the Constitution written?
 
• 1787
67.  
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
 
• (James) Madison
• (Alexander) Hamilton
• (John) Jay
• Publius
68.  
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
 
• U.S. diplomat
• oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
• first Postmaster General of the United States
• writer of "Poor Richards Almanac"
• started the first free libraries
69.  
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
 
• (George) Washington
70.  
Who was the first President?*
 
• (George) Washington
71.  
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
 
• the Louisiana Territory
• Louisiana
72.  
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
 
• War of 1812
• Mexican-American War
• Civil War
• Spanish-American War
73.  
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
 
• the Civil War
• the War between the States
74.  
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
 
• slavery
• economic reasons
• states' rights
75.  
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
 
• freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
• saved (or preserved) the Union
• led the United States during the Civil War
76.  
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
 
• freed the slaves
• freed slaves in the Confederacy
• freed slaves in the Confederate states
• freed slaves in most Southern states
77.  
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
 
• fought for women's rights
• fought for civil rights
78.  
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*
 
• World War I
• World War II
• Korean War
• Vietnam War
• (Persian) Gulf War
79.  
Who was President during World War I?
 
• (Woodrow) Wilson
80.  
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
 
• (Franklin) Roosevelt
81.  
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
 
• Japan, Germany and Italy
82.  
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
 
• World War II
83.  
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
 
• Communism
84.  
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
 
• civil rights (movement)
85.  
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
 
• fought for civil rights
• worked for equality for all Americans
86.  
What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?
 
• Terrorists attacked the United States.
87.  
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
 
• Cherokee • Navajo • Sioux • Chippewa
• Choctaw • Pueblo • Apache • Iroquois
• Creek • Blackfeet • Seminole • Cheyenne
• Arawak • Shawnee • Mohegan • Huron
• Oneida • Lakota Crow • Teton • Hopi
• Inuit
88.  
Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
 
• Missouri (River)
• Mississippi (River)
89.  
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
 
• Pacific (Ocean)
90.  
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
 
• Atlantic (Ocean)
91.  
Name one U.S. territory.
 
• Puerto Rico
• U.S. Virgin Islands
• Guam
• American Samoa
• Northern Mariana Islands
92.  
Name one state that borders Canada.
 
• Maine • New Hampshire • Vermont
• New York • Pennsylvania • Ohio • Michigan
• Minnesota • North Dakota • Montana
• Idaho • Washington • Alaska
93.  
Name one State that borders Mexico.
 
• California
• Arizona
• New Mexico
• Texas
94.  
What is the capital of the United States?*
 
• Washington, D.C.
95.  
Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
 
• New York (Harbor)
• Liberty Island
• [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).
96.  
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
 
• because there were 13 original colonies
• because the stripes represent the original colonies
97.  
Why does the flag have 50 stars?*
 
• because there is one star for each state
• because each star represents a state
• because there are 50 states
98.  
What is the name of the national anthem?
 
• The Star-Spangled Banner
99.  
When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
 
• July 4
100.  
Name two national U.S. holidays.
 
• New Years Day
• Martin Luther King, jr. Day
• Presidents Day • Memorial Day
• Independence Day • Labor Day
• Columbus Day • Veterans Day
• Thanksgiving • Christmas

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• If you are 65 years old or older and have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the questions that have been marked with an asterisk.