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Preguntas para el exámen de Ciudadania en Español

Preparese para el exámen de ciudadania estudiando las 100 preguntas y respuestas.

“OPRIMA ICONO PARA OIR LAS PREGUNTAS”


1.  

What is the supreme law of the land?

• The Constitution
2.  

What does the Constitution do?

• sets up the government
• defines the government
• protects basic rights of Americans
3.  

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

• We the People
4.  

What is an amendment?

• a change (to the Constitution)
• an addition (to the Constitution)
5.  

What do we call the first ten amendments
to the Constitution?

• the Bill of Rights
6.  

What is one right or freedom from the
First Amendment?*

• speech • religion • assembly • press
• petition the government
7.  

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

• twenty-seven (27)
8.  

What did the Declaration of
Independence do?

• announced our independence
(from Great Britain)
• declared our independence (from
Great Britain)
• said that the United States is free (from
Great Britain)
9.  

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

• life • liberty • pursuit of happiness
10.  

What is freedom of religion?

• You can practice any religion, or not practice
a religion.
11.  

What is the economic system in the United States?*

• capitalist economy • market economy
12.  

What is the "rule of law"?

• Everyone must follow the law.
• Leaders must obey the law.
• Government must obey the law
• No one is above the law.
13.  

Name one branch or part of the
government.*

• Congress • legislative • President
• executive • the courts • judicial
14.  

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

• checks and balances
• separation of powers
15.  

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

• the President
16.  

Who makes federal laws?

• Congress
• Senate and House (of Representatives)
• (U.S. or national) legislature
17.  

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

• the Senate and House (of Representatives)
18.  

How many U.S. Senators are there?

• one hundred (100)
19.  

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

• six (6)
20.  

Who is one of your states U.S. Senators now?*

• For a complete list of U.S. Senators and the states they represent, go to www.senate.gov
21.  

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

• four hundred thirty-five (435)
22.  

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

• two (2)
23.  

Name your U.S. Representative.

• Answer will vary. For a complete list of U.S. representatives and the districts they represent, go to www.house.gov
24.  

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

• all people of the state
25.  

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

• (because of) the state's population
• (because) they have more people
• (because) some states have more people
26.  

We elect a President for how many years?

• four years (4)
27.  

In what month do we vote for President?*

• November
28.  

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

• Barack Obama • Barack Hussein Obama
29.  

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

• Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
• Joe Biden
• Biden
30.  

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

• the Vice President
31.  

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

• the Speaker of the House
32.  

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

• the President
33.  

Who signs bills to become laws?

• the President
34.  

Who vetoes bills?

• the President
35.  

What does the President's Cabinet do?

• advises the President
36.  

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

• Secretary of Agriculture
• Secretary of Commerce
• Secretary of Defense
• Secretary of Education
• Secretary of Energy
• Secretary of Health and Human Services
• Secretary of Homeland Security
• Secretary of Housing & Urban Development
• Secretary of Interior
• Secretary of State
• Secretary of Transportation
• Secretary of Treasury
• Secretary of Veterans? Affairs
• Secretary of Labor
• Attorney General
• Vice President
37.  

What does the judicial branch do?

• reviews laws
• explains laws
• resolves disputes (disagreements)
• decides if a law goes against the Constitution
38.  

What is the highest court in the United States?

• the Supreme Court
39.  

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

• nine (9)
40.  

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?

• John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
41.  

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

• to print money • to declare war
• to create an army • to make treaties
42.  

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

• provide schooling and education
• provide protection (police)
• provide safety (fire departments)
• give a drivers license
• approve zoning and land use
43.  

43. Who is the Governor of your state?

• Answer will vary. To learn the name of the governor of your state go to www.usa.gov
44.  

What is the capital of your state?*

• Answer will vary. To learn the capital of your state go to www.usa.gov
45.  

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

• Democratic and Republican
46.  

What is the political party of the President now?

• Democratic (Party)
47.  

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

• John Boehner
48.  

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

• Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
• You do not have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
• Any citizen can vote. (Women & men can vote.)
• A male citizen of any race (can vote).
49.  

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

• serve on a jury • vote
50.  

Name one right only for United States citizens?

• vote in a federal election
• run for federal office
51.  

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

• freedom of expression
• freedom of speech
• freedom of assembly
• freedom to petition the government
• freedom of worship
• the right to bear arms
52.  

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

• the United States
• the flag
53.  

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

• give up loyalty to other countries
• defend the Constitution and laws of the USA
• obey the laws of the United States
• serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
• serve (do important work for) the nation (if
needed) • be loyal to the United States
54.  

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

• eighteen (18) years and older
55.  

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

• vote • join a political party
• help with a campaign
• join a civic group
• join a community group
• give an elected official your opinion on an issue
• call Senators and Representatives
• publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
• run for office • write to a newspaper
56.  

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

• April 15
57.  

When must all men register for the Selective Service?

• at age eighteen (18)
• between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
58.  

What is one reason colonists came to America?

• freedom
• political liberty
• religious freedom
• economic opportunity
• practice their religion
• escape persecution
59.  

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

• Native Americans • American Indians
60.  

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

• Africans • people from Africa
61.  

Why did the colonists fight the British?

• because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
• because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
• because they didn't have self-government
62.  

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

• (Thomas) Jefferson
63.  

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

• July 4, 1776
64.  

There were 13 original states. Name three.

• New Hampshire • Massachusetts
• Rhode Island • Connecticut • New York
• New Jersey • Pennsylvania • Delaware
• Maryland • Virginia • North Carolina
• South Carolina • Georgia
65.  

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

• The Constitution was written.
• The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
66.  

When was the Constitution written?

• 1787
67.  

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

• (James) Madison
• (Alexander) Hamilton
• (John) Jay
• Publius
68.  

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

• U.S. diplomat
• oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
• first Postmaster General of the United States
• writer of "Poor Richards Almanac"
• started the first free libraries
69.  

Who is the "Father of Our Country"?

• (George) Washington
70.  

Who was the first President?*

• (George) Washington
71.  

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

• the Louisiana Territory
• Louisiana
72.  

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

• War of 1812
• Mexican-American War
• Civil War
• Spanish-American War
73.  

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

• the Civil War
• the War between the States
74.  

Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

• slavery
• economic reasons
• states' rights
75.  

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

• freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
• saved (or preserved) the Union
• led the United States during the Civil War
76.  

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

• freed the slaves
• freed slaves in the Confederacy
• freed slaves in the Confederate states
• freed slaves in most Southern states
77.  

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

• fought for women's rights
• fought for civil rights
78.  

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

• World War I
• World War II
• Korean War
• Vietnam War
• (Persian) Gulf War
79.  

Who was President during World War I?

• (Woodrow) Wilson
80.  

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

• (Franklin) Roosevelt
81.  

Who did the United States fight in World War II?

• Japan, Germany and Italy
82.  

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

• World War II
83.  

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

• Communism
84.  

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

• civil rights (movement)
85.  

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*

• fought for civil rights
• worked for equality for all Americans
86.  

What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?

• Terrorists attacked the United States.
87.  

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

• Cherokee • Navajo • Sioux • Chippewa
• Choctaw • Pueblo • Apache • Iroquois
• Creek • Blackfeet • Seminole • Cheyenne
• Arawak • Shawnee • Mohegan • Huron
• Oneida • Lakota Crow • Teton • Hopi
• Inuit
88.  

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

• Missouri (River)
• Mississippi (River)
89.  

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

• Pacific (Ocean)
90.  

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

• Atlantic (Ocean)
91.  

Name one U.S. territory.

• Puerto Rico
• U.S. Virgin Islands
• Guam
• American Samoa
• Northern Mariana Islands
92.  

Name one state that borders Canada.

• Maine • New Hampshire • Vermont
• New York • Pennsylvania • Ohio • Michigan
• Minnesota • North Dakota • Montana
• Idaho • Washington • Alaska
93.  

Name one State that borders Mexico.

• California
• Arizona
• New Mexico
• Texas
94.  

What is the capital of the United States?*

• Washington, D.C.
95.  

Where is the Statue of Liberty?*

• New York (Harbor)
• Liberty Island
• [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).
96.  

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

• because there were 13 original colonies
• because the stripes represent the original colonies
97.  

Why does the flag have 50 stars?*

• because there is one star for each state
• because each star represents a state
• because there are 50 states
98.  

What is the name of the national anthem?

• The Star-Spangled Banner
99.  

When do we celebrate Independence Day?*

• July 4
100.  

Name two national U.S. holidays.

• New Years Day
• Martin Luther King, jr. Day
• Presidents Day • Memorial Day
• Independence Day • Labor Day
• Columbus Day • Veterans Day
• Thanksgiving • Christmas

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• If you are 65 years old or older and have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the questions that have been marked with an asterisk.





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