Preparese para el exámen de ciudadania estudiando las 100 preguntas y respuestas.“OPRIMA ICONO PARA OIR LAS PREGUNTAS”
What is the supreme law of the land?
• The Constitution
What does the Constitution do?
• sets up the government
• defines the government
• protects basic rights of Americans
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
• We the People
What is an amendment?
• a change (to the Constitution)
• an addition (to the Constitution)
What do we call the first ten amendments
What is one right or freedom from the
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
• twenty-seven (27)
What did the Declaration of
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
• life • liberty • pursuit of happiness
What is freedom of religion?
• You can practice any religion, or not practice
What is the economic system in the United States?*
• capitalist economy • market economy
What is the "rule of law"?
• Everyone must follow the law.
• Leaders must obey the law.
• Government must obey the law
• No one is above the law.
Name one branch or part of the
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
• checks and balances
• separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
• the President
Who makes federal laws?
• Senate and House (of Representatives)
• (U.S. or national) legislature
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*
• the Senate and House (of Representatives)
How many U.S. Senators are there?
• one hundred (100)
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
• six (6)
Who is one of your states U.S. Senators now?*
• For a complete list of U.S. Senators and the states they represent, go to www.senate.gov
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
• four hundred thirty-five (435)
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
• two (2)
Name your U.S. Representative.
• Answer will vary. For a complete list of U.S. representatives and the districts they represent, go to www.house.gov
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
• all people of the state
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
• (because of) the state's population
• (because) they have more people
• (because) some states have more people
We elect a President for how many years?
• four years (4)
In what month do we vote for President?*
What is the name of the President of the United States now?*
• Barack Obama • Barack Hussein Obama
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
• Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
• Joe Biden
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
• the Vice President
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
• the Speaker of the House
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
• the President
Who signs bills to become laws?
• the President
Who vetoes bills?
• the President
What does the President's Cabinet do?
• advises the President
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
• Secretary of Agriculture
• Secretary of Commerce
• Secretary of Defense
• Secretary of Education
• Secretary of Energy
• Secretary of Health and Human Services
• Secretary of Homeland Security
• Secretary of Housing & Urban Development
• Secretary of Interior
• Secretary of State
• Secretary of Transportation
• Secretary of Treasury
• Secretary of Veterans? Affairs
• Secretary of Labor
• Attorney General
• Vice President
What does the judicial branch do?
• reviews laws
• explains laws
• resolves disputes (disagreements)
• decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What is the highest court in the United States?
• the Supreme Court
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
• nine (9)
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
• John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
• to print money • to declare war
• to create an army • to make treaties
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
• provide schooling and education
• provide protection (police)
• provide safety (fire departments)
• give a drivers license
• approve zoning and land use
43. Who is the Governor of your state?
• Answer will vary. To learn the name of the governor of your state go to www.usa.gov
What is the capital of your state?*
• Answer will vary. To learn the capital of your state go to www.usa.gov
What are the two major political parties in the United States?*
• Democratic and Republican
What is the political party of the President now?
• Democratic (Party)
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
• John Boehner
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
• Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
• You do not have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
• Any citizen can vote. (Women & men can vote.)
• A male citizen of any race (can vote).
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*
• serve on a jury • vote
Name one right only for United States citizens?
• vote in a federal election
• run for federal office
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
• freedom of expression
• freedom of speech
• freedom of assembly
• freedom to petition the government
• freedom of worship
• the right to bear arms
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
• the United States
• the flag
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
• give up loyalty to other countries
• defend the Constitution and laws of the USA
• obey the laws of the United States
• serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
• serve (do important work for) the nation (if
needed) • be loyal to the United States
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
• eighteen (18) years and older
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
• vote • join a political party
• help with a campaign
• join a civic group
• join a community group
• give an elected official your opinion on an issue
• call Senators and Representatives
• publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
• run for office • write to a newspaper
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*
• April 15
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
• at age eighteen (18)
• between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
What is one reason colonists came to America?
• political liberty
• religious freedom
• economic opportunity
• practice their religion
• escape persecution
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
• Native Americans • American Indians
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
• Africans • people from Africa
Why did the colonists fight the British?
• because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
• because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
• because they didn't have self-government
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
• (Thomas) Jefferson
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
• July 4, 1776
There were 13 original states. Name three.
• New Hampshire • Massachusetts
• Rhode Island • Connecticut • New York
• New Jersey • Pennsylvania • Delaware
• Maryland • Virginia • North Carolina
• South Carolina • Georgia
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
• The Constitution was written.
• The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
When was the Constitution written?
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
• (James) Madison
• (Alexander) Hamilton
• (John) Jay
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
• U.S. diplomat
• oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
• first Postmaster General of the United States
• writer of "Poor Richards Almanac"
• started the first free libraries
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
• (George) Washington
Who was the first President?*
• (George) Washington
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
• the Louisiana Territory
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
• War of 1812
• Mexican-American War
• Civil War
• Spanish-American War
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
• the Civil War
• the War between the States
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
• economic reasons
• states' rights
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
• freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
• saved (or preserved) the Union
• led the United States during the Civil War
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
• freed the slaves
• freed slaves in the Confederacy
• freed slaves in the Confederate states
• freed slaves in most Southern states
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
• fought for women's rights
• fought for civil rights
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*
• World War I
• World War II
• Korean War
• Vietnam War
• (Persian) Gulf War
Who was President during World War I?
• (Woodrow) Wilson
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
• (Franklin) Roosevelt
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
• Japan, Germany and Italy
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
• World War II
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
• civil rights (movement)
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
• fought for civil rights
• worked for equality for all Americans
What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?
• Terrorists attacked the United States.
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
• Cherokee • Navajo • Sioux • Chippewa
• Choctaw • Pueblo • Apache • Iroquois
• Creek • Blackfeet • Seminole • Cheyenne
• Arawak • Shawnee • Mohegan • Huron
• Oneida • Lakota Crow • Teton • Hopi
Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
• Missouri (River)
• Mississippi (River)
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
• Pacific (Ocean)
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
• Atlantic (Ocean)
Name one U.S. territory.
• Puerto Rico
• U.S. Virgin Islands
• American Samoa
• Northern Mariana Islands
Name one state that borders Canada.
• Maine • New Hampshire • Vermont
• New York • Pennsylvania • Ohio • Michigan
• Minnesota • North Dakota • Montana
• Idaho • Washington • Alaska
Name one State that borders Mexico.
• New Mexico
What is the capital of the United States?*
• Washington, D.C.
Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
• New York (Harbor)
• Liberty Island
• [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
• because there were 13 original colonies
• because the stripes represent the original colonies
Why does the flag have 50 stars?*
• because there is one star for each state
• because each star represents a state
• because there are 50 states
What is the name of the national anthem?
• The Star-Spangled Banner
When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
• July 4
Name two national U.S. holidays.
• New Years Day
• Martin Luther King, jr. Day
• Presidents Day • Memorial Day
• Independence Day • Labor Day
• Columbus Day • Veterans Day
• Thanksgiving • Christmas
• If you are 65 years old or older and have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the questions that have been marked with an asterisk.